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Full text of "Annual Evaluation Report Fiscal Year 1984"

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101-8

C*   Costss Benefits,, and Effectiveness:    (continued)

The Department has cautioned States and school districts, through various
reports and through the Chapter 1 evaluation Technical Assistance Centers,,
about the potential misuse of fall-to-spring test results as an estimate of
Chapter 1 program impact. Nonetheless, we are presenting Table 5 because
the majority of data reported by States continues to be based on fall-to-spring
testing, and because the resulting gains displayed in Table 5 provide a
dramatic contrast with the more credible' estimates of program effectiveness
provided in Table 4. The Congress should use great caution in interpreting
claims of effectiveness for Chapter 1 programs whenever the evaluations are
based on fall-to-spring results.

Table 5

Reported Results from Fall-to-Spring Testing for Reading and Mathematics During
the 1982-83   School    Year,    Illustrating    Typical    Overestimation   of   Gains

Reading

Mathematics

Weighted Number   Percentile
				NCE 2/ Gain Score
	Weighted Number   Percentile
			NCE 21 Gain Score

Grade
	Tested
	Pretest
	Posttest
		Tested
	Pretest
	Posttest
	
2
	221,595
	21
	36
	9.6
	80,769
	22
	41
	11.4

3
	193,758
	20
	32
	7.7
	88,218
	22
	38
	9.8

4
	177,948
	20
	30
	6.9
	91,629
	21
	36
	9.4

5
	165,751
	20
	29
	6.2
	93,572
	22
	35
	8.1

6
	141,857
	20
	29
	5.9
	78,445
	23
	35
	7.8

7
	95,755
	20
	28
	5.0
	50,376
	25
	34
	5.9

8
	74,583
	20
	27
	4.8
	38,897
	24
	32
	5.5

9
	46,149
	19
	26
	5.0
	24,125
	20
	29
	5.9

10
	26,957
	17
	23
	4.4
	11,654
	20
	26
	3.6

11
	16,276
	17
	21
	3.4
	5,591
	17
	21
	4.8

12
	9,622
	18
	21
	2.5
	3,336
	21
	27
	4.5

D*   Plans for Program Improvement and Recommendations for Legislation:

o The Department has proposed legislation for additional technical changes
to the Chapter 1 legislation in FY 1985. The Chapter 1 formula now
requires that the Department use data collected in 1975 as part of the
Survey of Income and Education (SIE) and the criteria of poverty associated
with the 1970 census in the Department's distribution of Chapter 1 funds.
The proposed changes would eliminate the use of the outdated SIE data
and enable the Department to use the criteria of poverty associated with
the most recent (1980) census in allocating Chapter 1 funds.

o     The Administration has proposed legislation to permit LEAs and States to
implement Chapter 1 as a voucher program.    Parents of educationally dis-
advantaged children   selected   for   participation   would   receive   vouchers
for compensatory   education   services,    in    public   or   private   schools.

o     The Department will publish final  regulations to implement the 1983
ECIA Technical Amendments in FY 1985.

o     The Department will further emphasize program monitoring in FY 1985.

Onsite reviews   in   30   States   are   being   planned,   with   more   fn-depth
monitoring of specific program areas.